© 2019 by Elite Internal Medicine

CANCER SCREENING:

Both screening and prevention can reduce mortality from cancer. Screening detects abnormalities before they are clinically apparent, allowing for intervention either before cancer develops or at an early stage, when treatment is most often effective. Prevention strategies focus on modifying environmental and lifestyle risk factors that promote cancer. It is estimated that 50 percent of cancer is preventable .

Many cancers are preventable. Basic lifestyle changes can have a tremendous impact on the rates of cancer. The fact that such changes also protect against other chronic diseases (cardiovascular disease, stroke, and diabetes) makes the case for prevention even more compelling.

General lifestyle recommendations include:

  • Avoid tobacco

  • Be physically active

  • Maintain a healthy weight

  • Eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains and low in saturated/trans fat

  • Limit alcohol

  • Protect against sexually transmitted infections

  • Avoid excess sun

  • Get regular screening for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer

 

 

Screening exams will be performed per The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations.​

  • Screening for Cervical cancer at 21

  • Screening Mammogram at 40

  • Screening for prostate cancer at 50

  • Screening for Colorectal cancer at 50

  • Screening for skin cancers annually

  • Screening for lung cancers in Smokers

 

These will be sometimes started earlier in age depending on family history and risk factors.